Pakistan Basic information, NTS PPSC FPSC test preparation General knowledge about pakistan


Official Name Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Father of the Nation Quaid-i- Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)
National Poet Allama Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938)
Location Between Iatitude 24 and 37 degrees north and longitude 62 and 75 degrees east.
Area 796,096 Sq.Km
Population 180.71 million (Economic Survey of Pakistan 2001-2012)
Religion Muslim (97%). Hindu (1.5%). Christian (1%) and several other minorities
Pakistan Standard Time GMT plus 5 hours
Language Urdu (National) English (Official)
Government Parliamentary Form
Parliament Parliament consists of two houses i.e the Senate (upper House) and the National Assembly (Lower House)

The Senate consists of 104 members 1 after the 18th amendment. The National Assembly has a total membership of 342 elected through adult suffrage (272 general seats, 60 women seats and 10 non Muslim Seats)

National Anthem Approved in August 1954

Verses Composed by : Abdul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri

Tune Composed b: Ahmed G. Chagla

Duration: 80 seconds

Pakistan Official Map Drawn by Mian Mahmood alam Suhrawardy (1920-1999)
National Flower Jasmine.
National Tree Deodar (Cedrus Deodara)
National Animal Markhor
National Bird Chakor (Red legged Partridge)
National  Game Hockey
Major Crops Cotton, Wheat, Rice and Sugarcane
Industry Textiles, Cement, Fertiliser, Steel, Sugar, electric Goods
Transport & Communication
Pakistan Railway 781

Major Airports


8 Islamabad, Karchi, Lahore, Quetta, Pasawer, Multan, Faisalabad and Gwadar

Famous Mountain Peaks
Mountain Height World Rating

Nanga Parbat

Gasherbrum 1

Broad Peak

Gasherbrum 2

Gasherbrum 3

Gasherbrum 4

8611 m

8126 m

8068 m

8065 m

8047 m

7952 m

7925 m











Famous Mountain Passes


Location Province
The Khyber Pass Khyber pukhtoonkhwa
The Kurram Pass FATA
The Tochi Pass FATA
The Gomal Pass Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa
The Bolan Pass Balochistan
The Lowari Pass Chitral (K.P)
The Khunjrab Pass Northern Areas
Name of  River Length
The Indus 2,896 km
Jhelum 825 km
Chenab 1,242 km
Ravi 901 km
Sutlej 1,551 km
Beas 398 km
Famous Glaciers
Glaciers Length
Siachin 70 km
Batura 55 km
Baltoro 62 km
Deserts Province
Thar Sindh
Cholistan Punjab
Thal Punjab
Lakes Province
Manchar Sindh
Keenjhar Sindh
Hanna Balochistan
Saif ul Maluk Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa
Satpara Northern Areas
Kachura Northern Areas
Major Dams
Dams Province
Mangla Dam Punjab
Tarbela Dam Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa
Warsak Dam Khyber pukhtoonkhwa